KREUZBERGED: BERLIN COMPANION

Everything You Never Knew You Wanted to Know About Berlin

FIGHTING TOOTH AND NAIL or THE HINDENBURG FROM KÖNIGSPLATZ

On September 4 1915 a giant Nagelmann (Nailman) figure of Hindenburg was unveiled on Königsplatz (now Platz der Republik) in front of the German Reichstag. Such wooden statues, Nagelmänner, were made to have nails hammered into them in exchange for a small donation were quite popular in the German Reich during the First World War and fulfilled a very simple task: collecting money.

In exchange for a 10-50 Pfennig or up to 50 Marks for the well-heeled  patriots among citizens, anyone, including school children, could buy a nail (iron, silver, gold or the cheapest version known as “Grau“, or grey) and drive it into the effigy, gradually creating a certain pattern. Eventually, the whole statue would have been covered with nails, creating an impression of it being made of iron. Hence the Königsplatz giant’s other name, Eiserner Hindenburg.

 

The future Chief of the General Staff (1916) and President of the Reich (1925-1932) had his twelve-metre tall effigy unveiled in Berlin to collect donations for Luftfahrerdank GmbH, an organisation focused on helping wounded or incapacitated German aeronauts and their families. A noble cause by all means but one which unfortunately ended in a catastrophe: after a while Luftfahrerdank GmbH went bankrupt and all the money (nearly 1 million Marks!) evaporated without a trace.

The Iron Hindenburg stood on Berlin’s central plaza until November 1919 when the statue was dismantled and the wood it was made of – 26 tonnes of alder wood – sold as regular firewood. Allegedly, nothing but the 1.55-metre head, hidden somewhere in the north of the city, survived until the mid-1930s.

The old ULAP-Gelände (Berlin’s first regular exhibitions grounds), here in 1910. Lehrter Bahnhof to its right. (image via Landesarchiv & Wikipedia, author unknown).

Found by the Nazis in 1938 it became part of the patriotic exhibition at the Deutsche Luftfahrtsammlung (German Aviation Museum) in Berlin-Moabit. Like most of the exhibits in its collection it vanished during the Second World War, most probably burnt in one of the many fires.

You will find this and many other stories from Berlin’s forgotten past in my “Notmsparker’s Second Berlin Companion” via berlinarium.bigcartel.com.

CARE TO COMMENT?

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 6,635 other followers

Archives

%d bloggers like this: