KREUZBERGED BERLIN

Everything You Never Knew You Wanted to Know About Berlin

HAPPY BIRTHDAY, BERLINER HOCHBAHN!

Berlin’s first U-Bahn line, which was, perhaps a bit confusingly, an elevated railway line, built by Siemens and Halske, opened to the public on 18 February 1902 at 5:25 AM. The first trains – filled with excited passengers – ran between Stralauer Tor, a station which no longer exists at the northern end of Oberbaumbrücke, and Potsdamer Platz station in Mitte (sadly, gone as well); Warschauer Brücke, one of the terminus stations on today’s U1 (known since 1995 as Warschauer Straße), did not open until 17 August 1902.

However, before any regular citizens could experience the pleasure of travelling on a ‘flying’ train, the new line, or “Stammstrecke” (Core/Stem Line) comprising parts of today´s lines U1 and U2, needed to be tested by experts and approved by the men in power: the trial runs of the new elevated line went for almost a month since 26 January 1902.

The maiden trip of the Hochbahn on February 15th, 1902 - between Hallesches Tor and Möckernstrasse (the train has just passed Großbeerenbrücke)

The maiden trip of the Hochbahn on February 15th, 1902 – between the stations “Hallesches Tor” and “Möckernbrücke” (the train has just passed Großbeerenbrücke)

Almost three weeks later, another important group boarded two special trains: the Ministerfahrt (Ministers’ Ride) left Potsdamer Platz station at 11 AM on 15 February 1902 – exactly 115 years ago today – and was attended by high-rank officials, members of the military, Siemens and Halske employees, as well as representatives of the three municipalities – Berlin, Charlottenburg and Schöneberg – involved in the project.

Also among the guests were the line’s main designers: architect Alfred Grenander, Heinrich Schwieger (the chief engineer at Siemens and Halske as well as the project’s head engineer) and Paul Wittig, the man in charge of the Hochbahngesellschaft (a company established to carry out the project), who had designed the most challenging section of the viaduct: the bridge spanning the Landwehrkanal between Möckernbrücke and Gleisdreieck.

The guests travelled along the newly built viaduct towards Zoologischer Garten station – this section of the Hochbahn, known as the ‘Westliche Stammstrecke’ would not open to the public until 11 March 1902 – and after a brief stop there, they made their way back east, through ‘Gleisdreieck’ and along Landwehrkanal towards Stralauer Tor. Afterwards, both trains returned to the stop ‘Potsdamer Platz’ where they had started. However, to everyone’s great disappointment, Kaiser Wilhelm II did not join the party.

Allegedly, the emperor was not fond of the novelty.

3 comments on “HAPPY BIRTHDAY, BERLINER HOCHBAHN!

  1. Gary Costello
    February 15, 2017

    Great to see you back with a cracking piece on the U-Bahn. Hard to believe that this stretch is that old
    Thanks again.

  2. Baron W
    February 15, 2017

    Wunderbar! Amazing that Will wasn’t there. He so loved his battleships and aeroplanes and Zeppelins… who would have guessed he didn’t like the Hochbahn.

  3. berlioz1935
    February 15, 2017

    My grandfather was working at the time at the Postoffice SW 61. He and his colleges must have been watching outside the office at that new means of public transport passed by. What exciting times, he must have thought.

    He must have seen the very train in your picture.

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