Everything You Never Knew You Wanted to Know About Berlin
On October 7, 1949 the Provisorische Volkskammer, or Provisional People´s Chamber, German political authority within the Soviet occupation zone, announced the constitution of the Deutsche Demokratische Republik, better known as East Germany.
It took place exactly one month after the first meeting of West German Bundesrat (the Federal Council) and Bundestag (the Federal Diet which is comparable to the British Lower Chamber) – an event which meant that Bundesrepublik Deutschland was officially a state.
The GDR (German Democratic Republic) was born in the famous Haus der Ministerien in Wilhelmstraße, a massive edifice created by Ernst Sagebiel for Hermann Göring´s Reichsluftfahrtsministerium, Third Reich´s Ministry of Aviation. Göring and Sagebiel knew each other well – the architect was also the father of came to be known as “Mother of All Airports”: Zentralflughafen Tempelhof. Today the building, known as Detlev-Rohrwedder-Haus, is the seat of the Federal Ministry of Finance.
The beautiful mural decorating the northern facade of the building, created by Max Linger on Meißner porcelain tiles and called “Aufbau der Republik” (Restoration of the Republic), reflects the enthusiasm as well as reflects the hopes which accompanied the birth of the new Germany. Sadly, like in the case of all other East European countries, the experiment was doomed to fail.