KREUZBERGED BERLIN

Everything You Never Knew You Wanted to Know About Berlin

TODAY IN KREUZBERG: FEBRUARY 14 – THE LAST WILL OF ELEONORE BESCHORT

In 1862 the concept of Valentine´s Day did not even exist – people were busy doing other, usually useful things. Like donating their whole wealth to finance the building of a new municipal hospital. Here is one of such quiet heroes and heroines.

Krankenhaus am Urban around 1899 – less than a decade after its opening (Dieffenbachstrasse in the background)

1862

On that day Eleonore Wilhelmine Ottilie Beschort, the daughter of Friedrich Jonas Beschort and Therese Beschort nee Zuber, both famous early 19-century stage artists, signs her last will.

She bestows her whole wealth – then 400,000 Mark – to the Borough of Berlin with the sole purpose of founding a municipal hospital (on the condition, however, that no syphilis ward is part of the establishment). The money was to be paid out upon her death. Over the next 19 years (Fräulein Beschort died in 1881) the interest on the bestowed sum would make it grow by 50% of the original value.

On the 14th of April, 1881 – the day when she died – her bequest gained a  respectable size of 600,000 Mark and as such reached 20% of the sum necessary to open the new hospital: the III Städtisches Krankenhaus auf dem Urban.

Until January 19th, 1943 a plaque hanging in the administration building of the hospital used to remind all patients whom they owe their help to. After the Royal Air Force bombers were done dropping their cargo on the night of the 18th/19th January, part of the hospital and allegedly the plaque were gone.

The plan of the area in 1938 (with the management building marked red); the street Am Urban does not exist today

Gone is also Fräulein Beschort´s grave: she was buried at the Dreifältigkeitsfriedhof I – one of the cemeteries between Baruther-, Blücher- and Zossenerstrasse (click the link to see the map of the area). But even her great charitable act and the fact that it is thanks to her good will that Kreuzberg has its own hospital – the only one left today – did not protect her from having her grave levelled. It is also possible that it was removed along with hundreds of other graves to make space for the new section of Blücherstrasse running behind the American Memorial Library.

3 comments on “TODAY IN KREUZBERG: FEBRUARY 14 – THE LAST WILL OF ELEONORE BESCHORT

  1. Pingback: TODAY IN KREUZBERG: MARCH 11 « KREUZBERG´D

  2. Pingback: TODAY IN KREUZBERG: JUNE 10th | KREUZBERG´D

  3. Pingback: TODAY IN KREUZBERG: JUNE 10th – THE OPENING OF THE KRANKENHAUS AM URBAN | KREUZBERG´D

CARE TO COMMENT?

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 3,755 other followers

Archives

%d bloggers like this: